What is an Annotated Bibliography
Many students wonder what is an annotated bibliography and it is not surprising: this task can become a real headache, especially for those, who don’t have enough time or desire to process multiple sources. Annotated bibliography is a review of various sources. It can be both a part of a bigger project and a stand-alone assignment. Unlike abstracts, annotations contain critical information on the source, it main ideas and quality.
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If you want to learn more of how to write a perfect work, the list of contents may be more than useful. Your annotation should include:
- Bibliographic citation. You should write the full title, its authors and publishing data;
- Information on the author;
- Main idea of the book/article;
- Highlighting of the main argument;
- Data on the target audience;
- Information on the research methods (if any) and the results;
- Highlighting of the useful information, like graphs, calculations and so on;
- Description of the research relevance for your own paper;
- Weak and strong sides of the source;
- Your personal opinion about the text.
If you are using a proper example, it can help you to avoid many mistakes and difficulties, and give a chance to provide a high-quality paper. Try to avoid such mistakes like performing the task as if it was abstract. You should make sure that you analyze the source, not only summarize it. You should also spend time on reading it to give a full overview, as your professor will surely ask additional questions on the subject. Remember that your annotation should be short and straight to the point: it is not a literature review even though they are very alike. And don’t forget to follow the rules of the indicated formatting style. This will help you greatly in avoiding common mistakes.
Annotated bibliography example
While most of the formatting styles are quite alike, there are still some differences, which should be taken into account.
MLA annotated bibliography, as well as Chicago Manual Style Annotation, should provide bibliographic citation in such an order: surname and name of the author, title of the book, name of the publishing house and the year of publishing.
APA style is slightly different: first, you should indicate the surname of the author with his initials, following the year of publishing in brackets. Then you should indicate the title of the book, publishing house and number of pages if needed.
The structure of MLA and APA is quite similar and should summarize and access the source. The second part of the annotation should contain information on its strong and weak sides, as well as author’s opinion if required.
Annotated bibliography template
Using a sample annotated bibliography, every students gets a chance to avoid common mistakes and shape the annotation according to all the rules and requirements. Luckily, there are not many of them and it is quite easy to provide a proper annotation structure. First, you should provide all the details about the source or the citation, like name of the author, title, publishing house and so on. It should be followed by an annotation (a brief summary) and your personal opinion on the subject. You should analyze the source, providing information on its use for your personal project or for the target audience. This section greatly depends on the demands of your professor.
Annotation is usually arranged alphabetically and should be quite brief (around 100-200 words) if your professor doesn’t have other specific requirements. You should also consult your professor what topics you should highlight in the annotation, based on the aim of the assignment.
Annotated bibliography template will be a vivid example and you will be able to create an outstanding annotation without any mistakes and flaws!
Annotated Bibliography Example MLA
Annotated Bibliography Samples
Annotated Bibliography Template
Chicago Style Annotated Bibliography
Examples of Annotated Bibliography
Sample Annotated Bibliography APA
Annotated bibliography topics
It is not difficult to find annotated bibliography topics to write about. Actually, they are limited only to your imagination and indications of your professor. Here are some topics, which may help you decide what to write about:
- Health care reform;
- Acid raining;
- Genetic engineering;
- Animal testing;
- Gun control;
- Human rights;
- Labor rules;
- History of rock-n-roll;
- Nuclear weapons;
- Extreme sports;
By using an annotated bibliography example, you can avoid common mistakes, get additional information on the structure of annotation and find new ideas to write about. It is a great chance for students, who want to write the paper on their own, but don’t know where to start!
Creating an annotated bibliography in MLA style
The MLA Handbook is on reserve at the IRC desk on the Ground Floor.
Some annotations are merely descriptive, summarizing the authors' qualifications, research methods, and arguments. Your professor might also ask you to identify the authors' theoretical frameworks.
Many annotations evaluate the quality of scholarship in a book or article. You might want to consider the logic of authors' arguments, and the quality of their evidence. Your findings can be positive, negative, or mixed.
Your professor might also want you to explain why the source is relevant to your assignment.
Sample Page: MLA-formatted annotated bibliography
Battle, Ken. “Child Poverty: The Evolution and Impact of Child Benefits.” A Question of Commitment: Children's Rights in Canada. Ed. Katherine Covell and R.Brian Howe. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press. 2007. 21-44.
Ken Battle draws on a close study of government documents, as well as his own research as an extensively-published policy analyst, to explain Canadian child benefit programs. He outlines some fundamental assumptions supporting the belief that all society members should contribute to the upbringing of children. His comparison of child poverty rates in a number of countries is a useful wake-up to anyone assuming Canadian society is doing a good job of protecting children. Battle pays particular attention to the National Child Benefit (NCB), arguing that it did not deserve to be criticized by politicians and journalists. He outlines the NCB’s development, costs, and benefits, and laments that the Conservative government scaled it back in favour of the inferior Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB). However, he relies too heavily on his own work; he is the sole or primary author of almost half the sources in his bibliography. He could make this work stronger by drawing from others' perspectives and analyses. However, Battle does offer a valuable source for this essay, because the chapter provides a concise overview of government-funded assistance currently available to parents. This offers context for analyzing the scope and financial reality of child poverty in Canada.
Kerr, Don and Roderic Beaujot. “Child Poverty and Family Structure in Canada, 1981-1997.” Journal of Comparative Family Studies 34.3 (2003): 321-335.
Sociology professors Kerr and Beaujot analyze the demographics of impoverished families. Drawing on data from Canada’s annual Survey of Consumer Finances, the authors consider whether each family had one or two parents, the age of single parents, and the number of children in each household. They analyze child poverty rates in light of both these demographic factors and larger economic issues. Kerr and Beaujot use this data to argue that
Rules! rules! rules!
The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers states the following formatting rules:
- The text and the works cited list should be double-spaced.
- Number your pages at the top right of the page.
- Reference list entries must have a hanging indent (to do this in Microsoft Word 2003, select the citation, click Format, then Paragraph, then Special, and choose Hanging).
- There should be 1 inch (2.54 cm) margins all around (top, bottom, left, and right) on each page.
- Use Times Roman font, or a similar serif font.
- Capitalize each important word (noun or verb) in a book or article title
- Each paragraph should be indented.