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Othellos Downfall Essay

Othello's suffering results mostly from his poor judgment.  He trusts the wrong people and mistrusts those who are most loyal to him (Desdemona and Cassio).  In Act 3, he sets aside his sensible, military side and falls prey to Iago's manipulation.

It must be noted in Othello's case, though, that while he might share Brutus's tragic flaw (from Julius Caesar), Othello deserves more sympathy from the audience.  In a sense, he is a victim of his time period.  While Brutus exercised poor judgment throughout Julius Caesar, he was used to commanding respect because of his family and character and did not have to fight against prejudice.  In contrast, Othello's poor judgment largely results from his self-doubt regarding his true acceptance into European society.  He has been conditioned to think that he is not good enough for Desdemona or the inner sanction of white society.

While some argue that Othello's tragic flaw is jealousy, he really does not suffer from that until Iago plants seeds of doubt in his heart regarding Desdemona. Normally, Shakespeare's tragic characters establish a pattern connected to their tragic flaws, and there really is no pattern to justify jealousy as a flaw with which Othello has constantly struggled.

Here is a video about the characters of Othello:

Othello's Downfall Essay

Forage Maize Varieties

Irish Recommended List 2013




Maize Growing in Ireland (including Table 1). 2

Introduction. 2

Variety Testing Procedure. 3

Types of Recommendation. 3

Laboratory Analysis 3

Recommended List (2013):

Table 2. Varieties suitable for growing without plastic cover. 4

Characteristics of varieties suitable for growing without plastic cover. 5

Table 3: Varieties suitable for growing with plastic cover. 6

Characteristics of varieties suitable for growing with plastic cover. 7


The Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine (DAFM) has taken all due care in evaluating the performance of the listed varieties for yield, quality, disease resistance and the important agronomic characters over a wide range of soils and environmental conditions, for a minimum period of 3 years. The Department cannot, however, accept responsibility for any loss or inconvenience arising from any future variation in absolute or relative varietal performance.


The Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine wishes to acknowledge the help and co-operation received from the Maize Growers Association Ireland Ltd, Agricultural advisors with Teagasc and the growers on whose land the trials were conducted.

Maize Growing in Ireland

Forage maize grows best in areas of Ireland with a long growing season, freedom from late spring frosts and early winter frosts, high overall temperatures and maximum sunlight. Fields chosen for maize production should be south facing where possible in order to maximise sunlight and temperatures over the growing season. Elevated and exposed sites are generally unsuitable. Maize needs good soil and is not tolerant of soil compaction, so care must be taken to avoid this problem. Very light sandy soils will give reduced yields. Growing on very heavy clay soils, particularly if they have underlying poor drainage, can delay sowing date and make harvesting difficult as well as causing damage to the soil structure.

In Ireland, maize is sown in spring and is grown under two production systems; 1.'without plastic cover' (Uncovered), and 2. 'With Plastic Cover'.

1. Uncovered

It is important that maize is sown early enough to benefit from a sufficiently long growing season, but it should not be sown too early because maize seed / young plants need a soil temperature of at least 8 ºC to grow. This is higher than for most other crops. Long cold periods at the germination stage can...

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